Best Guide to Grow and Care for Dracaena Marginata (Dragon Tree) Indoors 2022

The Dracaena Marginata is also known as the dragon tree indoor, is a popular houseplant that is known for its easy care and ability to thrive in a wide range of conditions. If you are looking for a low-maintenance plant that will add some greenery to your home, the dragon tree is a great option!

Dracaena marginata is a plant with a slow growth rate and can be planted throughout the year. In the spring, it produces tiny white flowers, although they are rarely seen indoors. This dracaena plant may only grow to about six feet tall. Do not let your pet’s curiosity get the best of him or her because it is poisonous to them if ingested.

 Dracaena Marginata (Dragon Tree) Indoors

Tips on planting and maintaining dracaena marginata indoors.

Dracaena Marginata

We will cover everything you need to know about growing and caring for Dracaena marginata (dragon tree) plants indoors. We will discuss the best growing conditions, as well as how to deal with common problems. So, whether you are a beginner or an experienced gardener, read on for all the information you need to successfully grow a dracaena marginata!

If you’re looking for an easy-to-care-for indoor plant, the dragon tree is a great option. Here are some tips on growing and caring for this indoor plant.

Light

Light is crucial to dracaena marginata growth and makes up 50% of growing success. These indoor plants are sun worshippers and need a lot of light to grow tall and happy. Place your dracaena near a bright window, or if you don’t have a bright room, supplement with grow lights.

Water

Keep the soil moist but not wet. Allow the top of the soil to dry out slightly between watering. You can tell the dracaena marginata plant needs water when the leaves begin to turn yellow or brown. Don’t over-water the plant, as it can cause root rot and kill your dracaena plants.

Temperature & Humidity

This plant likes warm room temperature (70 degrees Fahrenheit). Keep dracaena plants away from cold drafts. This plant also likes high humidity, so mist your dracaena plants regularly or place them in a humid room.

Fertilizer

Feed this plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer container. Too much fertilizer can burn dracaena plants, but too little fertilizer will cause dracaena plants to grow slowly.

Soil

The plants of Dracaena marginata prefer well-draining soil. Create a dracaena soil mix by mixing equal parts potting soil, peat moss, and perlite.

Tips

If dracaena are indoors for more than 6 months of the year, report them in spring every 2-3 years. To do this, gently pull dracaenas out of their pot and place them in a new pot that is 2-3 inches larger in diameter. Use a well-draining potting mix.

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Types of dracaenas marginata

 Dracaena Marginata (Dragon Tree) Indoors

The dragon tree is a generic term for several types of dracaenas. Dracaenas are tropical plants native to Africa and Madagascar. The plant may or may not have left and it’s up to you if you want the dracaena without leaves at all.

Dracaena marginata:

Also called red-edged dracaena or Madagascar dragon tree, dracaena marginata has green leaves and is usually grown as a houseplant. It features long and narrow green leaves with red margins and cream-colored stems.

Dracaena draco:

This type of dracaena is the largest variety among all dracaenas, reaching heights of 50 feet or more in its native home of the Canary Islands. It is also known as Dragon Blood Tree because it oozes a red resin (latex) when cut or injured in any way.

The dracaena Draco is grown in many regions of Southern Europe, but cannot survive in temperatures lower than 50F/10C.

Dracaena serrulata:

Also known as the gum dracaena, dracaena serrulata is a popular houseplant with broad, sword-like leaves that are gray-green on top and silver underneath. It’s a slow grower but can eventually reach heights of 6 feet or more.

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The different types of dragon trees have different needs in terms of lighting, watering, and general care. You should research the type you have to find out more about its specific needs.

Pruning

A Dracaena marginata (dragon tree) like all plants, will become overgrown and its leaves won’t be as colorful and attractively patterned. To revive your dracaena marginata, we advise you to prune it along the way.

What is Pruning?

Pruning is clipping off parts of a plant to improve the overall shape and health of the plant. This is usually done with a pair of sterile, sharp pruning shears.

When to Prune?

Dracaena marginata can be pruned at any time of year. However, it’s best to avoid pruning dracaena marginata during the dracaena’s most active growth period, which is spring.

Pruning dracaena marginata branches is also recommended because dracaenas fall over easily. If you don’t prune them, they can become top-heavy and tip over even if they’re growing in a pot. Choose the healthiest looking branches to prune and cut them back to where they join a healthy-looking stem.

Discard any leaves that are discolored, dead, or about to fall off.

Dracaena marginata will naturally self-shed its old leaves so you don’t need to worry about removing them. Just make sure to discard any leaves that are discolored, dead, or about to fall off.

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Propagating Dragon Tree

If you’re looking for an easy way to propagate your dracaena marginata, using stem cuttings is the way to go. It’s a simple process that can be done with little effort, and it’s something that even beginners can manage.

This tree will grow to be about 20 feet tall in a warm climate, but they are generally kept indoors as houseplants with their roots pot-bound and pruned so they don’t exceed 6 feet in height. Keep dracaena marginata away from pets because it’s toxic if ingested by animals.

Put your dracaena marginata cutting in moist potting soil, but not soggy. Place it in a bright spot where it receives indirect sunlight, but no direct light from the south or west sun.

In a few weeks, you’ll see new leaves sprouting from the upper nodes of your cutting, as well as at the top of the stem. Once the plant has grown a bit and established itself, you can then move it to a spot with more direct sunlight.

Potting and repotting dracaena marginata

Dragon tree, dracaena marginata, is a slow-growing plant that does not require frequent repotting. Every year, you can replace any of the potting soil included with your tree in order to keep things fresh.

Whenever necessary, you can get rid of old soil and repot your tree either a little or a lot! Just don’t do it every second or even third year because it grows so slowly and won’t need more frequent changes.

1)  Water your dracaena marginata until the water runs from both pots.

2)  Mix new potting soil with old soil and move to a pot that is 1-2” larger than its current one. Make sure it has good drainage. Water thoroughly, making sure there are no puddles.

3)  Lift dracaena marginata out of the old pot by holding it at the top stem, with two hands. If you are repotting dracaena marginata for the first time, remove any ties or twist-ties that may be around its root ball before putting it in a new pot.

4)  Set Dracaena marginata in the new pot and fill with soil until dracaena marginata is at the same height as it was before. Water dracaena marginata thoroughly until water runs from the drainage hole.

5)  Place Dracaena marginata in a well-lit area where dracaena marginata will receive bright indirect light.

Common Pests

Like most houseplants, dracaena is susceptible to pests that can cause serious problems for your plant and its appearance.

Fortunately, with proper identification and quick action, most dracaena pests can be managed before they become serious issues. If you’re experiencing pest problems with your dracaena, read on to learn more about common dracaena pests and how to get rid of them.

Mealybugs

Mealybugs are soft-bodied insects covered by white waxy flakes. They produce honeydew which encourages sooty mold to grow, giving the plant an overall dirty appearance. Mealybugs can be difficult to get rid of, but can often be controlled with regular applications of horticultural oil or insecticidal soap.

Scale

Scale insects are sap-sucking insects that attach themselves to the leaves and stems of plants. They are small, round, and have a hard shell that can be difficult to remove. Scale can be managed with regular applications of horticultural oil or insecticidal soap but may require repeated treatments.

Spider Mites

Spider mites are tiny red or green arachnids that feed on the undersides of leaves. They leave tiny webbing all over the plant and can cause it to lose its leaves. Spider mites are usually managed by rinsing the plant underwater but can be difficult for an amateur to manage.

White Flies

Whiteflies are tiny flying insects that suck the juices from the leaves and stems of dracaena marginata. You may see them clustering on the undersides of dracaena leaves. Whiteflies cause yellowing dracaena leaves and if they’re not stopped can completely kill dracaena plants. Insecticidal soaps provide relief from whiteflies.

Fungus Gnats

Fungus gnats pose another threat to dracaena health as their larvae feed on roots, which prevents dracaena from taking up nutrients and water properly. Adult fungus gnats look like dark-winged mosquitoes and can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Conclusion

With a little bit of knowledge and vigilance, you can keep your dracaena healthy and free of pests. By knowing what to look for and how to get rid of them, you can enjoy your lucky bamboo for years to come.

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