Do you ever know about a jointer and a planner? Well, if not, then let me enlighten you on the difference between the Jointer vs planner.
When it comes to woodworking, there are several categories of power tools- those that saw, those that sand, and those that shape. One of those is the jointer vs planner which as the name suggests is designed to smooth surfaces and create straight edges.
The jointer is used to achieve flat surfaces by shaving the surface of the wood while the planner is used for creating straight lines on boards, cutting planks in particular. They are both important in their ways but when it comes to choosing one over another, there’s a bit you need to know about them before making up your mind.
Of course, this wouldn’t be an easy or simple task. Both jointers vs planners have their pros and cons depending on what type of end product you’re looking for.
That said, let’s take a look at some information that sheds light on which machine would best suit you- whether you’re left-handed or right-handed; if you’re looking for accuracy or speed. Here is the difference between Jointer vs planner
Let’s look at Jointer vs planner one-by-one
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We will explain the difference between jointer vs planner one by one.
How it works
To achieve flat surfaces, this machine slides along an edge of a board which is set against the table. At the same time, it takes care not to make contact with the table which allows you to control the pressure applied. With the help of the cutter head, it takes care not to damage your surface as it shaves off tiny bits along the length of the board.
In some cases, you may be required to make more passes if you’re looking for a higher degree of flatness and smoother results.
How to use Jointer
The jointer has a crank as well as a handwheel which allows you to adjust how close or far from the fence you want the cutter head to travel along with changes in in-depth settings that determine how many cuts are made.
How it works
A planner is a power tool used for cutting planks into smaller pieces depending on their thickness or width. It helps to keep the wood moving straight without straining. This tool is usually used in conjunction with a rip fence or miter gauge to help you achieve straight lines at different angles.
How to use
This machine has two tables- one on top and one on the bottom which can be adjusted depending on how tall or short you want your pieces of wood to be. To guide the board, push it up against the front rail of your planner’s table. Then slowly lower it down until it reaches the blade before carefully sliding it back so that you get an accurate cut each time.
The main difference between jointers vs. planers lies in how each machine works and what they do.
use knives or chippers to remove small amounts of material from across the grain (convex) while producing a flat surface on one side; used for preparing boards so they can be joined together
remove small amounts of material from both sides (concave) while producing a flat surface; used for preparing boards so they can be joined together or for finishing
As you can see, the Jointer vs planner difference comes down to three main points: 1) how each machine works, 2) what they are used for, and 3) in which direction the boards are fed through.
Aside from these three major differences, there are a few other things that set jointers apart from planers. Here’s an overview of some of these secondary distinctions of Jointer vs planner
jointer vs planner – Feed Direction
The first thing to know when comparing jointer vs planner is that both utilize knives or chippers as their primary method of removing material from boards. Chippers come with small cutting teeth, while knives resemble razors made of carbide steel.
Both of these jointer vs planner cutting tools do the same thing but work differently. Chippers are fairly straight blades that cut against the grain direction, while knives usually have a slight angle to them so they can slide along the length of the fibers.
Keep in mind that any machine with knives should be used with caution and never abused or allowed to run unattended for too long without someone to monitor it. This is especially true if the material is being removed from across the grain.
Jointer vs planner – Material Removal
The number one difference between Jointer vs planner has everything to do with how each machine removes material from boards.
Jointers remove material by cutting at an angle (convex) all along the board’s edge, which means that all the blades hit the board at once. This results in a consistent and clean-cut, but it also means that jointers cannot work with any type of material; instead,
they are used exclusively for preparing boards to be joined together and do not offer any types of finishing capabilities.
planer: removes material by cutting along both the top and bottom surfaces (concave) which allows it to remove more material from every pass; ideal for rough lumber or planing large batches of wood; can also create grooves, dadoes, rabbets, etc.; superior finish for flat surface areas
Jointer vs planner – Cuts per Inch
As we already mentioned above, the difference of cut per inch of Jointer vs planner,
jointers produce a convex edge which means they cut less material at once. This also means that, when working with smaller boards, jointers can remove material faster than planers because they cut less overall material per inch.
On the contrary, planers operate on a concave cutting edge so their blades work closer together which results in more efficient cuts and better finish quality.
The bottom line is this: jointers are used for preparing wood so it can be joined together while planers are intended to produce flat surfaces that can be glued or finished.
Jointers remove small amounts of material across the grain (convex) while planers remove small amounts of material across and along both surfaces (concave). Both machines utilize knives or chippers, but each machine does its respective job differently.
Chippers are straight blades that cut against the grain direction, while knives usually have a slight angle so they can slide along the length of the fibers. the difference of cuts of Jointer vs planner
Is it Possible to Use a Planer as a Jointer?
In this case, the answer is yes. It is possible to use a planer as a jointer. There are, however, some limitations.
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Here are the limitations of Jointer vs planner
There are the limitations of the jointer vs planner we will tell you. A joiner has two tables that are parallel to each other and move up and down together by the same amount. The tables do not go sideways concerning each other which keeps your workpiece against the fence at all times. A jointer can be used on pieces that are very wide – 8 feet or more! Of course, it depends on how good you are too…
A planer has one fixed table and one moving table which goes up and down together but also moves slightly side-to-side. This allows ‘thickness planning’.
You can make your board smaller in width or just remove it a little bit, but often it’s used to create flat surfaces on the face and edge of your board. You can plan wide boards if you put spacers under the fixed side so that it will still run against the fence.
You could use a jointer as a planer because both Jointer vs planner has tables – but there is no advantage in doing so. Generally, you would want to do each operation separately to get better results and/or more precise measurements than using one machine for two tasks.
If you would rather use one machine over another then do so, but don’t try and make those machines into something they’re not!
The function of Jointer vs planner will be compromised depending on what you’re trying to accomplish.
Jointer vs planner Top picks
|CRAFTSMAN (CMEW020)||Jointer||Check Price|
|WEN 6559||Jointer||Check Price|
1.PORTER-CABLE Benchtop Jointer
|Item Weight||35 pounds|
|Product Dimensions||32.1 x 12.4 x 11.2 inches|
The PORTER-CABLE 6″ benchtop jointer is a great tool for any home improvement enthusiast. The jointer comes with one of the most powerful motors in its class, producing 40% more torque than other units in its range. This translates to much smoother cuts, even in denser woods like oak or maple.
The motor is mounted to a steel base and is further supported by aluminum carriages and fences, all of which contribute to the low vibration and noise levels. The cast iron table is durable and has precise 90-degree angles on either side.
Jointer tables are typically ground flat after milling, but the PORTER-CABLE goes one step further with their patented Jointer Fence System. This system uses a pair of adjustable fences that can be used to square the table laterally using only a few minutes’ works, which makes it an even more valuable tool for your workshop.
The jointer comes with carbide blades that are easy to change by simply loosening setscrews. These blades slice through wood fibers and remove them cleanly, ensuring a smooth cut. The fence can be locked in position at 90 degrees for jointing one face of the board, or 45 degrees to joint both faces.
The motor is powerful enough to plane thin strips as well as thicker ones, so you will find that its applications are versatile and it is equally at home with softwood and hardwood.
This is a great tool for anyone looking for an upgrade to their workshop, but it is also a good entry point for anyone wishing to get involved in woodworking. A jointer is an essential tool for making furniture.
The Jointer Fence System is an easy-to-use accessory that can make this machine even more flexible by allowing you to plane strips of wood up to 2 1/2 inches thick.
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2.CRAFTSMAN Benchtop Jointer CMEW020
|Item Weight||39.8 pounds|
|Package Dimensions||32.1 x 12.4 x 11.3 inches|
The CRAFTSMAN Benchtop Jointer, 10-Amp (CMEW020) is a machine that can be used to smooth out edges on wood projects by shaving off small pieces. This device has an 8″ width capacity and a 90-degree throat capacity of 5/8″. The height capacity of this product is 1 3/16″, and the depth of the cut is 2.5mm.
This unit weighs around 73 pounds, so it may have trouble being moved around by one person. It comes with two sets of blades in the box when purchased new: one set for cutting joints, another set for edge profiling.
The table arm elevation relative to the base is 7 inches, and the height of the fence relative to the table is 1/8″. The insert plate has six precision machined pockets.
This machine runs on 10 amps, 110 volts, 60 hertz, single-phase alternating current. It comes with a bedroll set up and can be preset for depth of cuts at five different locations along its front edge.
The CRAFTSMAN Benchtop Jointer, 10-Amp (CMEW020) will produce surfaces that are flat or concave, as well as true surfaces. This product should only be used by someone who either has experience using these types of tools or knows how to operate this tool safely so they do not risk any accidents occurring while using it.
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3.WEN 6559 Corded Benchtop Jointer
|Item Weight||36.4 pounds|
|Package Dimensions||32 x 14.5 x 11 inches|
The WEN 6559 is a benchtop jointer that has received good reviews from users. The 10-Amp motor powers the cutter head, producing a no-load speed of 8,500 RPM.
This tool has a maximum depth capacity of 1/8th inch and it also comes with an additional side handle that can be installed to make it easier to control and give more stability to the machine.
The fence can be easily adjusted and it comes with alignment marks which will allow for quick and accurate adjustments. The dust chute is directed towards a 4-inch port to help in extracting sawdust from the tool.
To prevent kickbacks, the table also comes with two adjustable inserts that are made out of aluminum. These inserts have been designed to support long pieces of wood that might cause damage when not supported properly.
While it doesn’t come with an electronic speed control system, there are easy access levers located on both sides of the cutter head which make height adjustments much easier to perform by hand. Unlike other benchtop tools, this jointer uses standard blades instead of spiral ones.
There are 6 blades in total and they can produce a maximum cutting depth of 1/8th inch.
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|DEWALT Benchtop Planer||Planner||Check Price|
|CRAFTSMAN Benchtop Planer||Planner||Check Price|
|WEN PL1326||Planner||Check Price|
1.DEWALT Benchtop Planer
|Item Weight||80 pounds|
|Product Dimensions||24 x 17 x 21 inches|
|Power Source||Corded Electric|
DEWALT Benchtop Planer is one of the most powerful benchtop planers on the market. It is ideal for any situation that requires a small, light, and portable planer. The motor has a rating of 1.5 horsepower, which means it produces enough power to be able to handle large jobs without any type of strain or inconvenience.
This can be attributed to DEWALT one of the leaders in power tools and has been making well-crafted and reliable power tools for years. With a sleek design that is lightweight, weighing only 56 pounds it is easy to move around and can be stored away without taking too much space up.
The planer has an amazing number of features such as A thickness capacity from 1/32 inch to zero inches. This means it can handle any type of task you need whether you are working on thinner material or need to do some heavy-duty operations.
The high cutting capacity reduces the amount of time you spend changing blades throughout this workday which saves both time and energy.
A maximum cut depth of 90 of 2 ½ inches allows you to work with a wide variety of material types. Whether you need to work on plywood, hardwood, or anything in-between this can be used.
blades that are designed for various cutting operations and allow the user to complete any type of task whether you are working on small details or want to remove a lot of material at one time.
The top features an adjustable end hook which allows you to use the planer as a benchtop jointer as well which will save you from buying another machine that is twice as expensive.
It comes with large 10-inch infeed and outfeed tables that move independently from each other for a more precise cut and eliminate snipe which is when the material is cut unevenly at the end of a piece.
The planer comes with an adjustable rip fence that allows you to have better control over what kind of cuts you are making and increases your precision.
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2.CRAFTSMAN Benchtop Planer
|Item Weight||61.2 pounds|
|Package Dimensions||23.5 x 17.5 x 15.4 inches|
The CRAFTSMAN Benchtop Planer has a lot of advantages to offer the people who purchase it. It comes with two cutters that are designed uniquely and help the planer do its job well. The machine is very easy to use and can be safely touched without causing any injuries to your hands.
The blades used in the planer are made from hardened steel and will not break easily. With such blades, you can even crush wood used for making tools and yet they won’t get dull or weak. Another advantage of this machine is that it has a dust collection facility so that there will be no mess while working on the project you want to work on.
This feature makes sure no extra space is required by your side, as the small room will be enough for everything.
The planer also has a level indicator (the red dot) attached to it. This is an indicator that tells you whether the blades are parallel to each other or not. Whenever they are not parallel or when there is some misalignment, this red dot will help you identify it and repair it just by pushing the cutter head slightly up until the red dot disappears!! Isn’t that great?
3.WEN PL1326 Spiral Benchtop Planer
|Item Weight||80.3 pounds|
|27 x 22 x 17 inches|
The WEN PL1326 Spiral Benchtop Planer is equipped with spiral blades that can cut through large pieces of wood without problems. The speed of the blades, which runs at 6500 RPM, was also given high marks by users who have already tried this tool for themselves.
It does not matter if you are a novice or an experienced carpenter, this tool can handle even the toughest of wood.
It is also equipped with large tables that make it easier for its users to work on different types of projects at one time. The three table extensions on this planner allow users to place their larger pieces in the center and cut them down into smaller pieces that could be easily handled by this device.
This planner can also do away with snipe, which is something that other brands lack. Its spiral blades ensure that the wood remains flat throughout so there would be no problems when it comes to completing your project.
Conclusion: Jointers vs Planers – Which One Should You Use?
While it may be a difficult decision, in the beginning, the jointer and the planer are two great tools to have when woodworking. Both machines can provide their unique services. As you use these machines more often, choosing which one is right for you will become much easier over time.
Evaluate the jointer and the planner and decide which one is right for your needs and level of woodworking. The jointer is great for making sure that the edges on both sides of a board are even or straight, while planers can take away any difference in thickness to provide you with boards that are all the same thickness.
-jointer vs planner – jointer and planer both equally great tools to have – jointer good for making edges straight on boards – planers can make all boards the same thickness as one another